**94 人解决**，128 人已尝试。

**111 份提交通过**，共有 367 份提交。

**3.7** EMB 奖励。

**单点时限: **2.0 sec

**内存限制: **256 MB

Computers normally cannot generate really random numbers, but frequently are used to generate sequences of pseudo-random numbers. These are generated by some algorithm, but appear for all practical purposes to be really random. Random numbers are used in many applications, including simulation.

A common pseudo-random number generation technique is called the linear congruential method. If the last pseudo-random number generated was $L$, then the next number is generated by evaluating $( Z \cdot L + I ) \bmod M$, where $Z$ is a constant multiplier, $I$ is a constant increment, and $M$ is a constant modulus. For example, suppose $Z$ is $7$, $I$ is $5$, and $M$ is $12$. If the first random number (usually called the seed) is $4$, then we can determine the next few pseudo-random numbers are follows:

As you can see, the sequence of pseudo-random numbers generated by this technique repeats after six numbers. It should be clear that the longest sequence that can be generated using this technique is limited by the modulus, $M$.

In this problem you will be given sets of values for $Z, I, M$, and the seed, $L$. Each of these will have no more than four digits. For each such set of values you are to determine the length of the cycle of pseudo-random numbers that will be generated. But be careful: the cycle might not begin with the seed!

Each input line will contain four integer values, in order, for $Z, I, M, L$. The last line will contain four zeroes, and marks the end of the input data. $L$ will be less than $M$.

For each input line, display the case number (they are sequentially numbered, starting with $1$) and the length of the sequence of pseudo-random numbers before the sequence is repeated.

Input

7 5 12 4 5173 3849 3279 1511 9111 5309 6000 1234 1079 2136 9999 1237 2054 4849 7436 3483 0 0 0 0

Output

Case 1: 6 Case 2: 546 Case 3: 500 Case 4: 220 Case 5: 10

**94 人解决**，128 人已尝试。

**111 份提交通过**，共有 367 份提交。

**3.7** EMB 奖励。

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