1524. Following Orders

单点时限: 2.0 sec

内存限制: 256 MB

Background

Order is an important concept in mathematics and in computer science. For example, Zorn’s Lemma states: ``a partially ordered set in which every chain has an upper bound contains a maximal element.’‘ Order is also important in reasoning about the fix-point semantics of programs.

This problem involves neither Zorn’s Lemma nor fix-point semantics, but does involve order.

The Problem

Given a list of variable constraints of the form x < y, you are to write a program that prints all orderings of the variables that are consistent with the constraints.

For example, given the constraints x < y and x < z there are two orderings of the variables x, y, and z that are consistent with these constraints: x y z and x z y.

输入格式

The input consists of a sequence of constraint specifications. A specification consists of two lines: a list of variables on one line followed by a list of contraints on the next line. A constraint is given by a pair of variables, where x y indicates that x < y.

All variables are single character, lower-case letters. There will be at least two variables, and no more than 20 variables in a specification. There will be at least one constraint, and no more than 50 constraints in a specification. There will be at least one, and no more than 300 orderings consistent with the contraints in a specification.

Input is terminated by end-of-file.

输出格式

For each constraint specification, all orderings consistent with the constraints should be printed. Orderings are printed in lexicographical (alphabetical) order, one per line.

Output for different constraint specifications is separated by a blank line.

样例

Input
a b f g
a b b f
v w x y z
v y x v z v w v
Output
abfg
abgf
agbf
gabf
wxzvy
wzxvy
xwzvy
xzwvy
zwxvy
zxwvy

11 人解决,13 人已尝试。

15 份提交通过,共有 33 份提交。

5.1 EMB 奖励。

创建: 13 年,6 月前.

修改: 4 年,3 月前.

最后提交: 1 年前.

来源: UVa

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