1853. Mountain Walking

单点时限: 2.0 sec

内存限制: 256 MB

Farmer John and Bessie the cow have embarked on one of those ‘active’ vacations. They spend entire days walking in the mountains and then, at the end of the day, they tire and return to their vacation cabin.

Since climbing requires a lot of energy and they are already tired, they wish to return to the cabin using a path that has the least difference between its highest and lowest elevations, no matter how long that path is. Help FJ find this easy-to-traverse path.

The map of the mountains is given by an N x N (2 <= N <= 100) matrix of integer elevations (0 <= any elevation <= 110) FJ and Bessie are currently at the upper left position (row 1, column 1) and the cabin is at the lower right (row N, column N). They can travel right, left, toward the top, or toward the bottom of the grid. They can not travel on a diagonal.

输入格式

  • Line 1: The single integer, N

  • Lines 2..N+1: Each line contains N integers, each of which specifies a square’s height. Line 2 contains the first (top) row of the grid; line 3 contains the second row, and so on. The first number on the line corresponds to the first (left) column of the grid, and so on.

输出格式

  • Line 1: An integer that is the minimal height difference on the optimal path.

样例

Input
5
1 1 3 6 8
1 2 2 5 5
4 4 0 3 3
8 0 2 3 4
4 3 0 2 1
Output
2

36 人解决,69 人已尝试。

46 份提交通过,共有 285 份提交。

5.6 EMB 奖励。

创建: 11 年,10 月前.

修改: 2 年,4 月前.

最后提交: 1 年,4 月前.

来源: USACO 2003 US Open

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