3199. Agri-Net

单点时限: 1.0 sec

内存限制: 256 MB

Farmer John has been elected mayor of his town! One of his campaign promises was to bring internet connectivity to all farms in the area. He needs your help, of course.

Farmer John ordered a high speed connection for his farm and is going to share his connectivity with the other farmers. To minimize cost, he wants to lay the minimum amount of optical fiber to connect his farm to all the other farms.

Given a list of how much fiber it takes to connect each pair of farms, you must find the minimum amount of fiber needed to connect them all together. Each farm must connect to some other farm such that a packet can flow from any one farm to any other farm.
The distance between any two farms will not exceed $100~000$.

输入格式

The input includes several cases. For each case, the first line contains the number of farms, $N$ $(3 \leq N \leq 100)$. The following lines contain the $N \times N$ conectivity matrix, where each element shows the distance from on farm to another. Logically, they are $N$ lines of $N$ space-separated integers. Physically, they are limited in length to $80$ characters, so some lines continue onto others. Of course, the diagonal will be $0$, since the distance from farm $i$ to itself is not interesting for this problem.

输出格式

For each case, output a single integer length that is the sum of the minimum length of fiber required to connect the entire set of farms.

样例

Input
4
0 4 9 21
4 0 8 17
9 8 0 16
21 17 16 0
Output
28

14 人解决,14 人已尝试。

17 份提交通过,共有 17 份提交。

2.8 EMB 奖励。

创建: 3 年,5 月前.

修改: 2 年,12 月前.

最后提交: 4 周,1 天前.

来源: USACO

题目标签
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